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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science Chapter 1 : Chemical Reactions And Equations

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Chapter 1 : Chemical Reactions And Equations

Consider the following situations of daily life and think what happens when –
1. milk is left at room temperature during summers.
2. an iron tawa/pan/nail is left exposed to humid atmosphere.
3. grapes get fermented. 1

1.1 Chemical Equations

Activity 1.1 can be described as – when a magnesium ribbon is burnt in oxygen, it gets converted to magnesium oxide. This description of a chemical reaction in a sentence form is quite long. It can be written in a shorter form. The simplest way to do this is to write it in the form of a word-equation.

1.2 Types Of Chemical Reactions

We have learnt in Class IX that during a chemical reaction atoms of one element do not change into those of another element. Nor do atoms disappear from the mixture or appear from elsewhere. Actually, chemical reactions involve the breaking and making of bonds between atoms to produce new substances. You will study about types of bonds formed between atoms in Chapters 3 and 4.

1.3 Have You Observed The Effects Of Oxidation Reactions In Everyday Life?

1.3.1 Corrosion
You must have observed that iron articles are shiny when new, but get coated with a reddish brown powder when left for some time. This process is commonly known as rusting of iron. Some other metals also get tarnished in this manner. Have you noticed the colour of the coating formed on copper and silver? When a metal is attacked by substances around it such as moisture, acids, etc., it is said to corrode and this process is called corrosion. The black coating on silver and the green coating on copper are other examples of corrosion.


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